Science and Medicine Articles

General Science

Eliasmith, C. and P. Thagard (1997) Waves, particles, and explanatory coherence. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 48: 1-19. HTML

Sahdra, B., & Thagard, P. (2003). Procedural knowledge in molecular biology. Philosophical Psychology, 16, 477-498. PDF

Saunders, D., & Thagard, P. (2005). Creativity in computer science. In J. C. Kaufman & J. Baer (Eds.), Creativity across domains: Faces of the muse. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 153-167. PDF

Thagard, P. (1978). Why astrology is a pseudoscience. In I. Hacking & P. Asquith (Eds.), PSA 1978 vol. 1 (pp. 223-234). East Lansing: Philosophy of Science Association.PDF

Thagard, P. (1978). The best explanation: criteria for theory choice. Journal of Philosophy, 75: 76-92. PDF

Thagard, P. (1980). Against evolutionary epistemology. In R. Giere & P. Asquith (Eds.), PSA 1980 (Vol. 1, pp. 187-196). East Lansing: Philosophy of Science Association .PDF

Thagard, P. (1993), Societies of minds: Science as distributed computing. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 24: 49-67. HTML

Thagard, P. (1994). Mind, society, and the growth of knowledge. Philosophy of Science, 61: 629-645. HTML

Thagard, P. (1997). Collaborative knowledge. Noûs, 31: 242-261. HTML. PDF version with figures.

Thagard, P. (1998). Computation and the philosophy of science. In T. W. Bynum and J. H. Moor, (Eds.), The Digital Phoenix: How Computers are Changing Philosophy. Oxford: Blackwell, 48-61. HTML

Thagard, P. (1998) Internet epistemology: Contributions of new information technologies to scientific research. Unpublished manuscript, University of Waterloo. Later version in How Scientists Explain Disease, Princeton University Press, 1999. Still later version in Designing for Science, Erlbaum, 2000. HTML

Thagard, P. (2003). Conceptual change. In L. Nadel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. London: Macmillan, vol. 1, 666-670. PDF

Thagard, P. (2004). Rationality and science. In A.Mele & P. Rawlings (Eds.), Handbook of rationality. Oxford: Oxford University Press, (pp. 363-379). HTML

Thagard, P. (2005). How to be a successful scientist. In M. E. Gorman, R. D. Tweney, D. C. Gooding & A. P. Kincannon (Eds.), Scientific and technological thinking (pp. 159-171). Mawah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. PDF

Thagard, P. (2005). Why is beauty a road to truth? In R. Festa, A. Aliseda & J. Pejnenburg (Eds.), Cognitive structures in scientific inquiry (pp. 365-370). Amsterdam: Rodopi. PDF

Thagard, P. (2006). How to collaborate: Procedural knowledge in the cooperative development of science. Southern Journal of Philosophy, 44: 177-196. .PDF

Thagard, P. (2008). Conceptual change in the history of science: Life, mind, and disease. In S. Vosniadou (Ed.), International handbook of research on conceptual change (pp. 374-387). London: Routledge. PDF

Thagard, P. (2010). Evolution, creation, and the philosophy of science. In R. Taylor & M. Ferrari (Eds.), Epistemology and science education: Understanding the evolution vs. intelligent design controversy (pp. 20-37). Milton Park: Routledge. PDF

Thagard, P. (2012). Creative combination of representations: Scientific discovery and technological invention. In R. Proctor & E. J. Capaldi (Eds.), Psychology of science: Implicit and explicit processes (pp. 389-405). . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Thagard, P. (2012). Values in science: Cognitive-affective maps. Ch. 17 of The cognitive science of science:  Explanation, discovery, and conceptual change. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Thagard, P. (2014). Explanatory identities and conceptual change. Science & Education, 23, 1531-1548.

Thagard, P., & Litt, A. (2008). Models of scientific explanation. In R. Sun (Ed.), The Cambridge handbook of computational psychology (pp. 549-564). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. PDF

Thagard, P., and Croft, D. (1999). Scientific discovery and technological innovation: Ulcers, dinosaur extinction, and the programming language JAVA. In L. Magnani, N. Nersessian, and P. Thagard (eds.), Model-based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery, Plenum. 125-137. HTML

Thagard, P., & Findlay, S. (2010). Getting to Darwin: Obstacles to accepting evolution by natural selection. Science & Education, 19, 625 - 636. PDF

Thagard, P., & Findlay, S. D. (2011). Changing minds about climate change: Belief revision, coherence, and emotion. In E. J. Olsson & S. Enqvist (Eds.), Belief revision meets philosophy of science (pp. 329-345). Berlin: Springer.

Thagard, P., & Toombs, E. (2005). Atoms, categorization and conceptual change. In C. Lefebvre (Ed.), Handbook of categorization in cognitive science(pp. 243-254). Amsterdam: Elsevier. PDF


Thagard, P. (1996). The concept of disease: Structure and change. Communication and Cognition, 29: 445 - 478. HTML

Thagard, P. (1997) Medical analogies: why and how. In P. Langley & M. Shafto (Eds.), Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. (pp. 739-744). Mahway: Erlbaum. HTML

Thagard, P. (1998). Explaining disease: Correlations, causes, and mechanisms. Minds and Machines, 8: 61-78. PDF

Thagard, P. (1998). Ulcers and bacteria I: Discovery and acceptance. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biology and Biomedical Sciences, 29: 107-136. HTML

Thagard, P. (1998). Ulcers and bacteria II: Instruments, experiments, and social interactions. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biology and Biomedical Sciences. HTML

Thagard, P. (2002). Curing cancer? Patrick Lee's path to the reovirus treatment. International Studies in Philosophy of Science, 16, 179-193. HTML

Thagard, P. (2003). Pathways to biomedical discovery. Philosophy of Science, 70: 235-254. PDF

Thagard, P. (2006). What is a medical theory? In R. Paton & L. A. McNamara (Eds.), Multidisciplinary approaches to theory in medicine (pp. 47-62). Amsterdam: Elsevier. PDF

Thagard, P., & Zhu, J. (2003). Acupuncture, incommensurability, and conceptual change. In G. M. Sinatra & P. R. Pintrich (Eds.), Intentional conceptual change . Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 79-102. PDF

Thagard, P. (2011). Patterns of medical discovery. In F. Gifford (Ed.), Handbook of philosophy of medicine. Amsterdam: Elsevie, 187-202..

Cognitive Science

Thagard, P. (1986). Parallel computation and the mind-body problem. Cognitive Science, 10: 301-318. PDF

Thagard, P. (2005). Being interdisciplinary: Trading zones in cognitive science. In S. J. Derry, C. D. Schunn, & M. A. Gernsbacher (Eds.), Problems and promises of interdisciplinary collaboration: Perspectives from cognitive science (pp. 317-329). Mahway, NJ: Erlbaum. PDF

Thagard, P. (2008). Cognitive science. In S. Psillos & M. Curd (Eds.), The Routledge companion to philosophy of science (pp. 531-542). Milton Park: Routledge. PDF

Thagard, P. (2009). Why cognitive science needs philosophy and vice versa. Topics in Cognitive Science, 1, 237-254. PDF

Thagard, P. (2010). Cognitive science. In R. Frodemena, J. T. Klein & C. Mitcham (Eds.), Oxford handbook of interdisciplinarity (pp. 234-245). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Thagard, P. (2012). Cognitive architectures. In K. Frankish & W. Ramsay (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of cognitive science (pp. 50-70). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Thagard, P. (2012). Cognitive science. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved from

Paul Thagard

Computational Epistemology Laboratory.

This page updated Aug. 54, 2014