Phil/Psych 446

Seminar in Cognitive Science

Week 4: The Self

Philosophical Approaches

Wittgenstein: Philosophy leaves everything as it is.

Marx: Philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways; the point is to change it.

What is a person?

Common sense Cognitive science
soul brain/body
immortal mortal
unified fragmented
conscious mostly unconscious
free determined
good/evil healthy/sick
sin + blame pathology + treatment
character situation + personality
punishment as retribution social engineering

Discussion questions

1. Is the self more like a unified ego or like a bundle of experiences?

2. What alternatives are there to ego and bundle theories?

3. What do multiple and divided selves tell us about consciousness?

4. What is volition?

5.Does the experience of free will provide evidence that there is free will?

6.Does morality depend on free will?

7. Is conscious will an illusion?

Debate about free will and the brain

Phil/Psych 446

Computational Epistemology Laboratory.

Paul Thagard

This page updated Oct. 9, 2007