Paul Thagard, How Scientists Explain Disease, was published by Princeton University Press in May, 1999.
To run the ECHO simulation of the initial rejection and eventual acceptance of the bacterial
theory of ulcers, go to JavaECHO.
Most of the links for chapter 13 can be found in an earlier version of the chapter, an article called Internet Epistemology.
Barry Marshall's Helicobacter Pylori Foundation page.
Here is the table of contents of How Scientists Explain Disease.
I Explanations
1 Explaining Science
Explanation Schemas
Explaining Belief Change
Lavoisier and the Chemical Revolution
Hadden on the Mechanical-Mechanist World View
Alternatives to Cognitive Individualism
Mind, Society, and Rationality
Summary of Chapter 1
2 Explaining Disease
Explanation Schemas in the History of Medicine
Explanation Schemas from Molecular Genetics
Explanatory and Conceptual Unification
Summary of Chapter 2
II The Bacterial Theory of Peptic Ulcers
3 Ulcers and Bacteria: Discovery
The Discoveries
Models of Discovery
Modeling the Discoveries
Conceptual Change
The Process of Discovery
Summary of Chapter 3
4 Ulcers and Bacteria: Acceptance
Early Reception of the Bacterial Theory of Ulcers
Causation and Koch's Postulates
Causation and Cure
Rejection, Acceptance, and Explanatory Coherence
Summary of Chapter 4
5 Ulcers and Bacteria: Instruments and Experiments
Experiment and Theory
Medical Realism
Summary of Chapter 5
6 Ulcers and Bacteria: Social Interactions
Organizations and Funding
Science as a Social Process
Summary of Chapter 6
III Cognitive Processes
7 Causes, Correlations, and Mechanisms
Correlation and Causes
Causes and Mechanisms
Disease Explanation as Causal Network Instantiation
Summary of Chapter 7
8 Discovering Causes: Scurvy, Mad Cow Disease, AIDS, and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Stages of Disease Understanding
Spongiform Encephalopathies
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Complexities of Causal Inference
Summary of Chapter 8
9 Medical Analogies
Models of Analogical Transfer
Theoretical Analogies
Experimental Analogies
Diagnostic Analogies
Therapeutic Analogies
Technological Analogies
Educational Analogies
Summary of Chapter 9
10 Diseases, Germs, and Conceptual Change
Conceptual Change
Changes in Disease Concepts
Representational Changes in Germ Concepts
Germs: Referential Change
Representation, Reference, and Conceptual Change
Summary of Chapter 10
IV Social Processes
11 Collaborative Knowledge
The Prevalence of Collaboration
The Nature of Collaboration
Goldman's Standards for Epistemic Appraisal
Why Collaborate? Gains and (Occasional) Losses
Explanatory Efficacy
Applications: Ulcers and Analogy
Summary of Chapter 11
12 Medical Consensus
Anatomy of a Consensus Conference
Evidence-Based Medicine
The Logic of Testing and Treatment
Contributions of Consensus Conferences
Summary of Chapter 12
13 Science and Medicine on the Internet
A Day in the Life of a Cyberscientist
Revolutions in Scientific Communication
Science on the Web
Power and Explanatory Efficacy
Reliability and Pragmatic Efficacy
Summary of Chapter 13
V Conclusion
14 Science as a Complex System
Metaphors and Analogies in Science Studies
Distributed Computation
Objections and Limitations
Summary of Chapter 14
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